SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY                     PSYC 1260

 

STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTERS 1, 2, 3

Terms, Concepts, Applications, Examples, Evaluations, Questions

 

 

Ch.  1 (pp. 5-14)            Introduction

What is Social Psychology’s primary concern?

What is meant by scientific method?

How does social psychology different from common sense?

In what way was Sherif’s research crucial for social psychology?

 

Ch. 2                Doing Social Psychology Research

How does social psychology begin?

Define hypothesis and theory

What is the primary goal of basic research?

What are the characteristics of applied research in social psychology?

Operational definition (give examples)

Construct validity (define and give examples)

Why use the bogus pipeline?

What is the advantage of observational methods over self-reports?

Experimentation – the preferred method of social psychologists

Correlation – definition, direction and strength

Purpose of random assignment

Independent and dependent variable

Statistical significance – how likely are the results to occur by chance – 5 out of 100

What does internal validity mean?  External validity?

Carefully read and analyze all aspects of ethics and values in social psychology?

            Review boards, informed consent, and debriefing

Do scientific methods eliminate human bias in social psychology?

 

 

Ch.  3               The Social Self

What is the relevance of the “cocktail party effect?”

Self concept (definition)

Self shemas

Our self-concept is social but what others specifically think (perceive) of us may not match what      we think of ourselves

What might be a problem with introspection?

Bem’s self-perception theory

What is the facial feedback hypothesis?

Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation

What is the possible relationship to overjustification effect?

Social comparison theory

            When do we compare?

            With whom do we compare?

What important conclusion can be drawn from the Schacter and Singer (1962) research on emotions when people are unclear about their emotions?

Autobiographical memory and self-inflations

Link between cultural orientations and the way people view their contributions to teams effort (Markus and Kitayama, 1991)

Self-esteem – definition

            Characteristics of people with high self-esteem

 

                                                                                    over                             

 

Self-discrepancy theory – what is the possible outcome of the mismatch between the actual, ought and ideal selves?

Self awareness theory

            Situations of self awareness and negative discrepancy

                        Ways to reduce negative discrepancy

                        Alcohol interactions

                                    Tuning out

                                    “Drunken self inflation”

Self-regulation

            Fatigue

            Choke

Ironic process – given what you know about attempts at cognitive control, what might you recommend?

Self-serving cognitions

Self-handicapping  - examples

BIRGing – examples

CORFing – examples

In times of tragedy with whom do we tend to affiliate?  With whom do we compare ourselves?

Self-presentation

Self-verification and self-enhancement and (self esteem)

Self-monitoring