SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY PSYC 1260
STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTERS 1, 2, 3
Terms, Concepts, Applications, Examples, Evaluations, Questions
Ch. 1 (pp. 5-14) Introduction
What is Social Psychology’s primary concern?
What is meant by scientific method?
How does social psychology different from common sense?
In what way was Sherif’s research crucial for social psychology?
Ch. 2 Doing Social Psychology Research
How does social psychology begin?
Define hypothesis and theory
What is the primary goal of basic research?
What are the characteristics of applied research in social psychology?
Operational definition (give examples)
Construct validity (define and give examples)
Why use the bogus pipeline?
What is the advantage of observational methods over self-reports?
Experimentation – the preferred method of social psychologists
Correlation – definition, direction and strength
Purpose of random assignment
Independent and dependent variable
Statistical significance – how likely are the results to occur by chance – 5 out of 100
What does internal validity mean? External validity?
Carefully read and analyze all aspects of ethics and values in social psychology?
Review boards, informed consent, and debriefing
Do scientific methods eliminate human bias in social psychology?
Ch. 3 The Social Self
What is the relevance of the “cocktail party effect?”
Self concept (definition)
Our self-concept is social but what others specifically think (perceive) of us may not match what we think of ourselves
What might be a problem with introspection?
Bem’s self-perception theory
What is the facial feedback hypothesis?
Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
What is the possible relationship to overjustification effect?
Social comparison theory
When do we compare?
With whom do we compare?
What important conclusion can be drawn from the Schacter and Singer (1962) research on emotions when people are unclear about their emotions?
Autobiographical memory and self-inflations
Link between cultural orientations and the way people view their contributions to teams effort (Markus and Kitayama, 1991)
Self-esteem – definition
Characteristics of people with high self-esteem
Self-discrepancy theory – what is the possible outcome of the mismatch between the actual, ought and ideal selves?
Self awareness theory
Situations of self awareness and negative discrepancy
Ways to reduce negative discrepancy
“Drunken self inflation”
Ironic process – given what you know about attempts at cognitive control, what might you recommend?
Self-handicapping - examples
BIRGing – examples
CORFing – examples
In times of tragedy with whom do we tend to affiliate? With whom do we compare ourselves?
Self-verification and self-enhancement and (self esteem)